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The Spanish Polemic on Colonisation
Part four: The controversy at Valladolid, 1550-1551


The source for what was said at Valladolid is a pamphlet published by Bartolomé de Las Casas in 1552, with title beginning: Aqui se contiene una disputa, o controversia… The text can be found online e.g. at  There is a French translation by Nestor Capdevila in Bartolomé de Las Casas: La controverse entre Las Casas et Sepúlveda (Paris 2007). A good deal of information about the dispute and its context is given in Jean Dumont, El amanecer de los derechos del hombre: La controversia de Valladolid (Madrid 2009).

(1)  Tratado comprobatorio in Tratados de Fray Bartolomé de Las Casas II, p. 925.

(2)  Cited by Capdevila: La controverse entre Las Casas et Sepúlveda, p. 144.

(3)  Ibid., pp. 60-61.

(4)  Pagden: The Fall of Natural Man, p. 107.

(5)  Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa: History of the Incas, p. 5.

(6)  Miguel Giménez-Fernández in J. Friede and B. Keen: Bartolomé de Las Casas in History, p. 109.

(7)  Dumont: El amanacer, pp. 7-8 and Ch. 4.

(8)  Capdevila in La controverse, pp. 137-8.

(9)  Ibid and Las Casas: Aqui se contiene una disputa, o controversia. 

(10) Giménez-Fernández, op. cit., p. 110.

(11)  J. H. Elliott: Imperial Spain, p. 75.

(12) Hanke: All Mankind Is One, p. 67.  

(13) Juan Friede in Friede and Keen: Bartolomé de Las Casas in History, p. 197.

(14) Ibid., p. 198. 

(15) Manfred Merluzza: Native Americans under the Castilian Crown, p. 235.

(16) Richard L. Kagan: Clio and the Crown, p. 164.

(17) Edmundo O’Gorman: Comentarios a un Nuevo libro sobre el padre Las Casas, p. 167.

(18) J. H. Parry in the English Historical Review 1952, p. 408.

(19) Daniel Castro: Another Face of Empire, p. 185.