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Solzhenitsyn and the 'Russian Question', Part 20

Who are the Ukrainians? - Part two,

from the Polish partitions to 1860 (Emancipation of the Serfs in Russia and reform of the Habsburg monarchy)

Essay first published in Church and State, No.149, July-September, 2022.
The full text can be downloaded in PDF format here

Chyhyryn - former citadel of the Zaporozhian Cossacks
Drawing by Taras Shevchenko, 1845

Ruthenians in Austria
Ukrainians in Russia
Languages of culture
Taras Shevchenko
And Taras Bulba
Shevchenko and Russia
Poles, Uniates and Galicia